The World of Work: History of Work in Minnesota



An example of the evolving population diversity in Minnesota is reflected by the foreign-born population on the three Iron Ranges as of 1910.

Finns predominated with a population of around 11,000. Slovenes were next, with more than 5,000. Italians and Swedes numbered in the range of 4,200 each. Croatians around 4,000. Norwegians and English-speaking Canadians 2,000 each. Followed by diminishing numbers of British, Poles, Montenegrins, Germans, Serbs, French Canadians, Swede-Finns, Bulgarians, Jews, Irish, Romanians, Slovaks, Hungarians, Russians, Greeks, Bohemians, Danes, other Europeans, Asians and Africans.

Who are the Workers?

Small Population Chart

More than 26 ethnic groups are represented. Ethnicity has been determined from listings of country of birth and mother tongue as given in manuscript schedules for the 1910 federal census. [MIACOC]

Barn Raising

House construction, Northfield, ca. 1910.

Minnesota Historical Society


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